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idiom

时间:2021-09-13 04:52:35|来源:未知|编辑:admin|点击:
n. 习语, 成语, 惯用语法, 方言
language, speech, tongue, dialect, idiom, slang
这些名词均含“语言”之意。
language: 普通用词,含义广。指人的语言或文字,或动物的语言。既可指口头或书面语言,也可指手势语等。
speech: 特指人的口语,也指正式的讲话。
tongue: 书面用词,指人的语言,亦指人的母语。
dialect: 指一种语言中,某一地方所特有的语言形式,即方言。
idiom: 指一种语言中一般由几个词结合成短语或句子的特殊表达方式,即惯用语、成语。也指方言。
slang: 指俚语。

名词 idiom:

  1. a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language
    同义词:parlance
  2. the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
    同义词:dialect, accent
  3. the style of a particular artist or school or movement
    同义词:artistic style
  4. an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
    同义词:idiomatic expression, phrasal idiom, set phrase, phrase
  1. An Italian idiom or custom.
    意大利习惯用语,意大利风俗
  2. Resembling or having the nature of an idiom.
    成语的类似成语的或具有成语性质的
  3. A word, a phrase, or an idiom peculiar to the English language, especially as spoken in England; a Briticism.
    英国习语,英国特有用词,英国式的语言现象英语,尤其是在英语口语中所特有的单词、短语或习惯用语; 英国式语言现象
  4. To my knowledge, there is no such idiom in English.
    据我所知,英文里并没有这样的成语。

id.i.om

n.(名词)
A speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements, as inkeep tabs on.
成语,习语:因语法结构特殊或无法拆开而只能依据其组成成份来解释的语言形式或某种固定的语言表达方法,例如聚精会神
The specific grammatical, syntactic, and structural character of a given language.
特别语言现象:某种语言 * 别的语法、句式和结构上的特点
Regional speech or dialect.
方言,土语:某个地区的地方语言或土话


A specialized vocabulary used by a group of people; jargon:
术语:一群人使用的特定的词汇;术语:
例句:
legal idiom.
法律术语

A style or manner of expression peculiar to a given people:
特有用语:某个民族特有的语言或行为方式:
例句:
.Also important is the uneasiness I`ve always felt at cutting myself off from my idiom, the American habits of speech and jest and reaction, all of them entirely different from the local variety.(S.J. Perelman)
.还有一点很重要,那就是我总感到把自己与我们的习俗隔绝开来很不舒服,美国人说话、开玩笑和行动的方式与当地的风俗格格不入。.(S.J.佩雷尔曼)

A style of artistic expression characteristic of a particular individual, school, period, or medium:
风格,特色:以某个个人、学派、时代或媒介为代表的艺术风格:
例句:
the idiom of the French impressionists; the punk rock idiom.
法国印像主义风格;疯狂摇滚乐风格


来源:
Late Latin idiôma idiômat-
后期拉丁语 idiôma idiômat-
from Greek
源自 希腊语
from idiousthai [to make one`s own]
源自 idiousthai [将某物占为己有]
from idios [own, personal, private] * see s(w)e-
源自 idios [自己的,个人的,私有的] *参见 s(w)e-


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